A monthly update on disease outbreaks around the world, from our lead nurse JO THOMPSON. 

 

Flooding in East Africa

  • Flash floods and landslides have killed at least 250 and affected thousands of people in East Africa in the past few weeks.

  • Countries affected are Kenya, Sudan, South Sudan, Djibouti,  CAR, DRC, Ethiopia, Somalia, Tanzania and Burundi.  

  • If you touch the flood water then please wash your hands immediately.  

  • As there is more low-lying water then there will be an increase of mosquitoes so use good bite prevention.

  • Use good food and water precautions as water sources can be contaminated with flood water.  

  • For more information, please read here.

 

Yellow Fever in Mali

  • There have been 3 cases of Yellow fever (including 1 death) on the 3rd December.

  • Yellow fever is spread via day time biting mosquitoes.

  • A yellow fever vaccines is advised for travellers going to Mali.

  • More information for Yellow Fever in Mali.

 

Rabies

  • There have been a number of fatal cases of Rabies in Europe.

  • On the 11th December, the Spanish authorities have confirmed that a man had Rabies after a bite from a cat in Morocco in August.  Morocco have seen an increased rate of Rabies over the past few years.

  • On the 19 November, a man died in Italy following a bite from a dog in Zanzibar, Tanzania in September.  

  • In December, a lady in Latvia died from Rabies.  She had travelled to Asia recently.  

  • Rabies is spread via the saliva from an infected warm blooded animal such as dog, cat, monkey or bat through bites or scratches.

  • Travellers are advised that rabies is a very dangerous infectious disease.  There is no recognised treatment once symptoms begin and with the exception of a tiny number of cases, all those who develop symptoms of rabies will die.  

  • An effective rabies vaccination is available.  Please speak to a travel health professional about this.

  • More information on rabies can be found here to read.  

 

Ebola in DRC

  • Ebola began in DRC in August 2018 in the north east of the country.  As of 15 December 2019, a total of 3348 cases have been confirmed with 2213 deaths.  

  • There have been 24 new cases on the 9-15 December in DRC.

  • The risk to travellers is generally extremely low. 

  • Exit screening is in operation for travellers leaving Goma airport, DRC.

  • If you are unwell within 21 days post trip to DRC then get medical advice.  Call NHS 111 or contact your GP by telephone.  Mention that you have returned from DRC and may have a potential exposure to Ebola and include the dates and itinerary of your travel.

 

Information from Travel Health Pro, World Health Organisation, Travax and Fit for Travel and UN news.